22nd March Solved Rqs

1. How many does a breach of patient information need to be reported according to HIPPA? -60 days.
2. Patient confidentiality: —Autonomy
3. Doesn’t happen in Apexogenesis (only inflamed pulp is removed): a. increase root length b. increase root width c. revascularization.
4. Amputation of coronal pulp in a vital tooth: —Pulpotomy
5. Leukoedema: —Normal Mucosal Variation
6. Gracey curette: —One cutting edge
7. Not caused by atropine: a. tachycardia b. sweating c. dry mouth
8. Vertical root fracture: —Both lateral and apical rarefaction
9. Highest level of evidence based research: —Meta-Analysis
10. Benzodiazepines: —Flumazenil
11. Captopril MOA: —Captopril blocks the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II preventing the degradation of prostaglandins, thereby inhibiting vasoconstriction and promoting systemic vasodilation.
12. Hydrocodone side effect—Constipation is the most common side effect of pain medications. This occurs more often with opioid drugs, such as morphine or hydrocodone. Signs of constipation are bowel movements that are difficult, painful or less frequent than normal.
13. How to keep research in journals? —P<0.05
14. Efficacy of 2 different drugs: —Random clinical trials
15. Best test for Diabetes: —Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test (HbA1c)
16. Patient with HbA1c=8: —Uncontrolled diabetes
17. Contraindication for endo: —Uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension
18. Sterilization test: —Done weekly to test autoclave efficiency
19. Why is sterilization done in sealed packets/pouches? —To allow for the penetration of the sterilization agent and to maintain sterility of the processed item after sterilization.
20. Lupus erythematosus: —Also called SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus), it’s an autoimmune disease—an inflammatory disease caused when the immune system attacks its own tissues. Triad for SLE: Fatigue, Joint Pain, and Butterfly Rash.
21. Eosinophilic granuloma: —EG is a variety of histiocytosis-X with unknown etiology. It occurs as single or multiple lesions of bone destruction, and it’s seen more often in children or young adults although it may be found at all ages; more in male than female. Corticosteroids are the most common treatment to control the symptoms of the EG Complex.
22. Pentazocine: —narcotic medication for moderate to severe pain that acts on CNS.
23. Why is benzodiazepine a good anxiolytic? —Because benzodiazepines have a wider therapeutic index, tolerance develops more slowly, and their liability for abuse is lower than other anxiolytic drugs.
24. Retromolar surgery concern: —Lingual Nerve
25. Initiation of caries: —Streptococcus mutans
26. Progression of caries: —Lactobacillus
27. What do you take radiographs for primary teeth? —5-6 years old
28. Substantivity meaning:
29. Desensitizing agent: —Potassium nitrate
30. Worst prognosis: a. Class I furcation on tooth # 5 b. Class II furcation on tooth #5 c. Class I furcation on tooth #30 d. Class II furcation on tooth #30
31. Malignancy sign: —Destruction of cortical plate
32. Bisphosphonates not given in: —Osteomyelitis
33. Candida albicans grows due to: —Chemotherapy
34. Inhibits cyclooxygenase except: —Prednisolone
35. Adrenal crisis: —Addison’s Disease
36. Incidence calculation: —100/1000
37. LA calculation of Articaine: —
38. Safe for hypertensive patient: —Mepivacaine 3% (only option without epinephrine)
39. Why do we do clinical remount? —To correct errors during centric relation records.
40. Why do we take occlusal check record? —It’s to transfer the inter-occlusal relationship from the patient mouth (after teeth preparation, for fixed replacement) to the lab for orientation of the working casts, dies to adjacent and opposing dental structures on suitable articulators.
41. Correct order of placement of a crown: —Check internal fit; proximal contacts; margins; occlusion
42. What don’t we do in a veneer crown placement? —Etch with hydrofluoric acid
43. Patient not comfortable discussing insurance information, which statement shows empathy? —“I can tell that this is making you uncomfortable”
44. Oxygen flow: –Air we breath has 21% O2 and 79% Nitrogen at all times (with some trace gases)
NOTE: Hyperbaric O2 is between 200-240%
45. Which one is not iatrogenic? — Bad oral hygiene practice
46. LD 50 definition: —LD stands for “lethal dose” LD50 is the amount of a material, given all at once, which causes the death of 50% (one half) of a group of test animals. The LD 50 is one way to measure the short-term poisoning potential (acute toxicity) of a material.
47. Hazard communication given by: —OSHA

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