February 8
1- tooth is intruded after trauma, what the result?
-pulp necrosis
-Internal resorption

2- Plaque indices primarily for:
-Patient motivation
-monitoring of gingival inflammation
-other options

Plaque Index (PLI or Pl I) scoring: 0 = No plaque 1 = Film of, Used MAINLY for large populations and for patient instruction and motivation.

3- the occlusogingival (effect or somthing like )of fixed prosthesis varies?
-Indirectly with the occlusogingival square of the pontic
-Directly with the occlusogingival cup of the pontic
-Directly with span width of the pontic

4-Questions about Systematic desensitization
Systematic desensitization: exposing a patient to items from a collaboratively constructed hierarchy of slowly increasing anxiety-provoking stimuli (related to the target fear) while using relaxation skills.In layman terms; Systematic desensitization is a behavioral technique whereby a person is gradually exposed to an anxietyproducing object, event, or place while being engaged in some type of relaxation at the same time in order to reduce the symptoms of anxiety. For example, a very common phobia is the fear of flying.

5- Probing depth is 2 mm on the facial surface of tooth 30 and the distance from free gingival to mucogingival junction is 3mm, what is the width of attached gingiva?
-0 ,1, 2, 3 mm
3mm (MJ)- 2mm(PD) = 1mm(remaining width) which is attached gingiva

6- What is best and most accurate diagnostic to check extent of periapical lesion with deep Cavity ?
A- cbct
B- panoramic
C- occlusal review

CBCT is more accurate in determination of periapical lesions than other Parallax and occlusal radiographs which are recommended for the diagnosis of dental diseases

7- Too opaque porcelain?
-Inadequate reduction preparation
-metal is so thick

8- Cyclic neutropenia :
– Absolute neutrofil count
-periodic CBC
-One CBC with differential

Cyclic neutropenia is a rare blood disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of abnormally low levels of neutrophils9- Probing depth= 6mm, recession on facial surface 6mm, free gingiva is 2mm beyond the CEJ , what is the Clinical attachment loss?
-2, 4, 6,8

10- Loss of fungiform papillae and macrocytic anemia, which vitamin deficiency ?
-A, B,C,D

Atrophic glossitis (AG) is characterized by the partial or complete absence of filiform papillae on the dorsal surface of the tongue. AG may reflect the significant deficiencies of some major nutrients including riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, vitamin B12, folic acid, iron, zinc, and vitamin E.

11- During preparation Class 2 when do the pulpal floor perpendicular with the axial wall , which tooth has the most pulpal exposure possibility?
-Max premolar
-Mad premolar
-another tooth
-all have the same possibility

12- How does wheezing happen ?
Airflow through a narrowed or compressed segment of a small airway becomes turbulent, causing vibration of airway walls; this vibration produces the sound of wheezing. Wheezing is more common during expiration because increased intrathoracic pressure during this phase narrows the
airways and airways narrow as lung volume decreases. Wheezing during expiration alone indicates milder obstruction than wheezing during both inspiration and expiration, which suggests more severe airway narrowing.

So difficult options , know it well13- Gingival hypertrophy: Amyldipine(ask 2 times)
B/C Amlodipine, calcium channel blockers, lead to gingival enlargement

14- Child has aggressive periodontitis, what are the teeth involved:
-permanent molars and incisors
-primary molars

15- Corrosion resistance:
-Nickel
-Chromium ( responsible for Corrosion resistance)

16- What touch over extended max denture on the buccal flange with?
-Coronoid process
-Zygomatic process

17- Tooth fracture with little dentin involvement what type depend on Ellis classification( or something like that)?
-Type: 1,2,3,418-

What is the difference between perio classification 2017 and formal classification(I can’t remember exactly)?
-Methods to define attachment loss
-Relation with systemic diseases

19- What is the most common caries?
-Pit and fissures, root, proximal, smooth

20- What us the function of polymer?

21- in which occlusion the posterior teeth doesn’t occlude nor response to working and non working movements?
-Mutually protected occlusion
-Lingualized Occlusion
-Group function

22- What is the least occlusal overload that affect on the implant?
-Bruxism
-flat occlusal surfaces
-interferences
-Cantilever

23- What can diagnosis from periapical radiograph?
-canal calcification-pulp necrosis
-buccal curvature

24-What is the function of implant analogue?

25-Skin nodules , multiple osteomas in the jaw, what is the diagnosis?
-Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
-Basal cell carcinoma of the nose
-Another options
-Gardner syndrome

26-Keyway in casted post and core ?
-Increase surface area for good retention
-prevent rotation

27- Epinephrine primarily in local anesthetic ?
-Prevent hemostat
increase diffusion in the nerve fibers
– retards absorption to systemic circulation

28-Definition of combination clasp?
Most commonly used when an abutment next to a distal extension (Class II, mod I) where only a MB undercut exists or if large tissue undercuts prevent a bar clasp from being used.
• Used when maximum flexibility is required (i.e. an abutment next to a distal extension, on a weak abutment when a bar direct retainer is contraindicated, or when esthetics is a concern).
• Consists of a bracing arm, wrought wire retentive circumferential arm, and distal rest.
Implant Analogs are used by dental lab technicians to the position the dental implant in the patient’s mouth. This procedure is done by impression coping, by making a mold.
The analogs are then screwed into place which then assists in creating a cast for the final product• Use when the undercut is on the side of the abutment away from the edentulous space because it is more flexible than a cast clasp arm thus can dissipate functional stresses

29-what is important in kenedy class 3 partial dentures?

6th February Day 1
definition of confidence interval
discrimination based on caste creed- no justice in d options → BENEFICIENCE
managing emergencies- again no justice in the options -> Beneficience
if replacing mercury with composite- veracity
if u r asking a young patient whether he will need assistance with getting into a dental chair or he will do it by himself –
contract ACT n different acts in d options
risk of infection from OPIM – least to most ( I chose HIV hepatitis C, hepatitis B ) different sequence
gardner n peutz jegher common – GI polyp📛 if u r asking a young patient whether he will need assistance with getting into a dental chair or he will do it by himself –
contract ACT n different acts in d options
A conditioned stimulus is a substitute stimulus that triggers the same response in an organism as an unconditioned
stimulus. Simply put, a conditioned stimulus makes an organism react to something because it is associated with something
else.
risk of infection from OPIM – least to most ( I chose HIV hepatitis C, hepatitis B ) different sequence
Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM) means (1) The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions,
cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures,
any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood
Least HIV, Hepatitits C, Hepatitis B

gardner n peutz jegher common – GI polyp
not given in MI- epinephrine
objective of treatment of hyperventilation – increase pCO2 in d blood
lip swelling after dental impression- angioedema
anaphylactic treatment- epinephrine
sever asthma- Epinephrine
complication of ludwigs- swelling/edema of epiglottis histamine n epinephrine- physiologic antagonist
Epinephrine antagonizes the action of histamine by acting on effector cells in a direction opposite to that of histamine.
around dental implant- epithelium is attached by hemidesmossome
distal step – class 2
retromolar surgery – mostly damaged is lingual nerve picture of complicated fracture of crown ( involving pulp) – Class 3 ellis
2 Kennedy classifications
hyperparathyroidism- browns tumor
xerostomia – cervical caries
prophylaxis needed in septal defect → No need
The current American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) recommendations for
infective endocarditis (IE) antibiotic prophylaxis have precluded the need for antibiotics in patients with
acyanotic congenital hemodynamically insignificant ventricular septal defects (VSDs) (1).Nov 11, 2017 palmer plantar keratosis description
width of attached gingiva – 2mm
width of keratinized gingiva bleeding points in gingivectomy- to guide placement of incision

gingivitis is defined by >10% BOP positive
active infection – BOP positive
2 LA calculations questions from Tuft pharmac one half life calculation question from Tuft pharmac 2 g drug every 4 hr half life, how much after 3rd dose- answer is 3.5
in already exposed roots what not to do – crown lengthening
weird question asking for Nikolskys positive n No pemphigus n erythema multiforme in d options
over d counter desensitizer – sodium fluoride potassium nitrate
alcohol syndrome feature dangerous infection from face – cavernous asked twice
reason for fracture of porcelain n metal
difference between cast n noble metal damage it FGG donor site- greater Palatine vessel

most commonly seen in acute abscess – swelling
Apex locator what it detects n what it does not detect 2 Qs – not detect = curve of canal
An electronic apex locator is an electronic device used in endodontics determine the position of the apical constriction and
thus determine the length of the root canal space.
actinomycosis – filamentous bacteria , sulfur granules
root caries – GIC
erythema – first degree burn HPV vaccination most effective – when given before being sexually active
kissing lesion – candidiasis ( lesion)
antianginal – propranolol
antiarrhythmic – quinidine
LDD ( Local drug delivery) – minocycline in d options → tetracycline
APF conc- 1.23%
neurological problem causing paralysis- cerebral palsy
if nausea after NO2 – 100 % oxygen
cancellous bone graft – no structural integrity multiple skin nodule + pigmentation – neurofibromatosis
fibrous tuberosity removal- v shaped incisions undermining d flaps
systemic antifungal- ketoconazole
2 class cavities – prepare larger n restore smalle

Hey Guys! If you want to look at the solutions to these questions, you can check the document below.

Solved Feb 6^J8 rqs -2021

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